Organic pesticides are your weapons in the war against insect pests. Insect pests are a major threat to crop production industries in the world. They are capable of causing great economic damage on the farm.
They are carriers of major crop diseases. Examples include mealy bugs and white flies. Some defoliate crop leaves, leaving the crops prone to airborne diseases – for instance, the grasshopper and leaf beetles. Some feed on the sap juice of the plant thereby reducing the plant vigour. These types of insects are called the piercing and sucking insects – examples are aphids, thrips etc.
Pesticides are known chemicals used to eradicate insect pests on farm. They may be synthetic or organic. The latter is nonchemical because it is made from raw natural materials, which makes it safe for use on crops. The synthetic type comprises chemical formulations, which may be detrimental to human health because they do have residual effect on the crop upon usage. This has raised the campaign against its usage on crops. What I will teach you is how to make an organic pesticide for your farm.
Organic pesticides are cheap and safe to use, unlike the synthetic pesticides which require precautions in usage. Another interesting advantage of organic pesticides is that they have no recommended dosage, unlike the synthetic type which must be used cautiously. Organic pesticides are not toxic and they are easy to prepare.
The type of pesticide you are about to learn how to make can be used as an insecticide and fungicide. The raw materials needed to make it are:
- Local black soap: This can be of any brand, as long as it is liquid.
- Vegetable Oil
- Baking Soda
You can see they are cheap and readily available. Now learn how to mix the aforementioned raw materials to make your pesticide.
How to mix the raw materials
Get one liter of water – preferably clean water. Mix four (4) teaspoons of baking soda, then two (2) tablespoons of the vegetable oil followed by two (2) tablespoons of the liquid soap. Shake this mixture together vigorously. Then spray on your crops.
It should be applied early in the morning or late in the evening to enhance effectiveness. It can be used on any type of crop especially vegetables like cucumber, watermelon etc.