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Psidium guajava, {Guava} is said to originate from Mexico and South America, they belong to Myrtaceae family and the scientific name is Psidium guajava.

Their fruits are either oval in shape or round depending on the variety. It ranges from 5cm-10cm in length. Apart from planting guava in open field you can also plant them in pottery, green houses, poly houses and at the back of your house

GUAVA VARIETY

There are many varieties of guava and they are classified according to their colour; red, pink, red, green. Some of the varieties are:

  1. White Malaysian 2. Ruby Supreme 3. Vietnamese 4. Purple Malaysian

5.Turnbull White 6. Giant Bangkok 7. Mexican Cream 8. Apple guava

9.Nagpur seedless

SITE SELECTION

Guava plants thrive best in a deep, well-drained, and aerated loamy soil. Fertile and productive soil is needed for high fruit yield. You should avoid water logging areas as water stagnation can lead to root rot of guava plant.

LAND PREPARATION

Clear the land and plough the soil very well. Apply farmyard manure during land Guava trees are hardy in nature and can be grown in a clayey soil, sandy soil and deep loamy soil. For optimum yield avoid water log farmland in other to guide against root rot. Use a well drained loamy soil rich in organic manure with a PH of 5.0-7.0

PLANTING

You can propagate the plants either through quality seeds or vegetative propagation. In order to get high quality and quantity yields, growing with seedlings is the best approach.

The vegetative propagations methods you can employ include grafting, cutting, air-layering, and budding

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PLANTING SPACE

Although planting spacing varies from one variety to another, the spacing of 5-8 meters is most ideal. The spacing of 5m by 5m is best suited for commercial guava farming in Nigeria. You can also grow them in the hedge-row system using a spacing of 2m by 6m and 3m by 6m.

IRRIGATION

Irrigation is very important in guava farming and can only be done when there is drought or shortage of water. During raining season, irrigation may not be necessary unless otherwise. In that case watering should be done frequently during growing and production stages. Irrigate the farm immediately after transplanting the seedlings for quick establishment.

Drip irrigation is the most accepted method because it will help in the production of quality and large yield of guava, Psidium guajava. fruits. Watering should be done moderately in other not to allow water stagnation

FERTILIZER APPLICATION

It can grow well with organic fertilizer only but you can also use inorganic fertilizer in your guava farm. Spray copper sulphate (CuS04) 0.2 – 0.4 % , it will enhance plant growth, fruit production, quality, and the quantity in fruit yield.

WEEDING

Weeding can be done 3 times a year in the early growing stage, but can be twice after some years to 2 times. Weed reduce the crop yield and quality.

HARVESTING

Hybrid guava, Psidium guajava. variety, fruits and mature faster than the traditional plant. Grafted, budded and layered guava plants produce fruits between 2 to 2 and half years.

Guava plant raised from seeds (seedling) starts fruit production within 4 years of planting. Fruits will be less at the starting but keeps increasing with years then by 8 years they start bearing heavily.

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USES OF GUAVA LEAVES

  1. Diarrhea Treatment. Guava leaves contain anti-bacterial component that fights disease. And can treat diarrhea!
  2. Heart Disease Treatment. The leaves of quava contains Quercetin that helps reduce oxidativs stress and heart strokes.
  3. Prevent Cancer. The leaves contain antioxidants
  4. Use in stomach Ulcers Treatment The leaves contain the certain elements called saponin, flavonoid, and volatiloill. They combine to tackle ulcer.

 

 

 

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