Cowpea is loaded with various types of nutrients. It is rich in fiber, protein, iron, potassium, low in fat and calories. The cup of cowpea possesses 11.1 g fiber, 13.22 g protein, 4.29 mg iron, 475 mg potassium, 0.91 g fat and 198 calories. Along with that, various amino acids such as 0.612 g of tryptophan, 0.41 g of histidine, 0.188 g of Methionine and 0.894 g of lysine is contained in this seed.
Leaves and seeds are used as a bandage in order to treat skin swellings and infections. It is also applied to treat burns. Leaves are chewed to treat tooth disorders.
The root acts as an antidote for snakebites. The infusion of seeds treats amenorrhea and the use of crushed roots with porridge cure the chest pain, epilepsy, painful menstruation and dysmenorrhea.
The powder made from the seeds is used to treat insect stings. The liquor of cowpea which is cooked with spices is effective for common cold. The worms in the stomach could be eliminated with the boiled cowpea. The roots of other plant if cooked with the seeds, is effective in treating the bilharzias and blood in urine.
The plant is used to make emetics which treats fever and heals urinary schistosomiasis caused due to Schistosoma haematobium.