Call Us: +234-803 053 8099 mail@ogidiolufarms.com

Uses of Poultry Farming Equipment

 

Poultry farming is a very lucrative aspect of agriculture under livestock farming. For you to achieve maximum result in your poultry farming business, there are certain equipment that are necessary.

Now for those who are in the process of starting a poultry farming business or you are still in the planning phase, this write-up will prove valuable to you. It is also important you know that this article is a continuation of our poultry business plan publication. Without wasting your time, below is a comprehensive list of poultry equipment and there uses.

1.Water equipment

Pan and jar type.

Pan and jar type.

This type of waterer is circular in nature, having two compartments i.e. jar for filling water and pan for delivering water.

 

Water basin made of plastic / wood/GI with grill

Water basin made of plastic wood GI with grill

Basins of different diameters are available (10”, 12”, 14” and 16” diameter).

A separate grill is available to prevent the entry of birds inside the water.

 

Bell type automatic waterier 

Bell type automatic waterer

These are made of high-impact plastic in a bell shape usually suspended from separate pipeline for the purpose. This type of waterers has control over the water flow and maintains the required water level always. There will be a continuous flow of water so as to ensure water available for the birds throughout the day. Height at which the water is available can be easily adjusted by simple clamp mechanism and rate of flow water is adjustable by a valve (spring-mounted). Plastic drinkers will be brightly colored (red,blue) and hence are expected to attract layers, especially chicks to water.

No. of bell-drinkers=1.3*(circumference÷ Drinker space)

 

Nipple drinker 

Nipple drinker

It can be used both in deep-litter and in cage system.

When used in deep-litter system, it is attached with cup under the nipple to prevent wetting of litter material.

These drinkers look like a nipple and water drops comes out when they are pressed.

They can be used for all types and classes of birds, but most commonly used in laying cages.

One nipple drinkers in each cage housing 3 layers is sufficient.

Manual drinker

Manual drinker

In case of chicks during first week of brooding, manual drinkers are popularly used. They also referred as “fountain drinkers” because water comes out of the holes like that in case of a fountain. The main advantage of manual drinkers is the ease of giving vitamins and other probiotics/medicines/vaccines through water.

Manual drinkers with stand made of high-impact plastic in bright colours (red or blue) are available. Arrangement of drinkers at an equal distance of 0.6m between any two feeders and feeder and a drinker.

ALSO READ  How To Start Lucrative Pineapple Farming In Commercial Scale

 

2.Feeding Equipments

Feeders are equipments used in feeding poultry birds. The food is deposited in the feeder and the birds feed from it. The amount of feeders provided for a poultry farm should be according to to amount of birds available. It is important that you always keep the feeders clean to ensure the health safety of the birds.

Linear feeder 

Linear feeder

Different sizes of linear feeder with guards are available.

Provision is also made to adjust the height of the feeder.

Linear feeders are usually made of Galvanized Iron. However, it can as well be made out of any locally available material like wood, bamboo, etc.

Provisions for stability and adjustment in height at which the feeder stands have to be made in its design. Birds can stand on either side of the linear feeder.

Total feeder space available = 2* length.

No of linear feeders = (2*Length of the feeder) ÷ Feeder space with all measurements in cm.

Circular feeder 

Circular feeder

These are semi-automatic feeders and can hold 5 to 7 kg feed in its cone at a time.

The feed is slowly delivered to the bottom by gravity.

It can also be attached with feed grills to prevent wastage.

These are made of high plastic and usually suspended from roof/ roof-truss or from separate pipeline for the purpose.

These are also called as ‘hanging feeders’.

These feeders are available in different capacity and when completely full, the feed will suffice 4 to 7 days, depending upon the age and number feeding on them.

The height at which the feed is available can be easily adjusted by simple clamp mechanism.

Plastic feeders will be brightly colored (red or blue, generally) and hence are expected to attract layers, especially chicks to feed.

No. of hanging feeders = 1.3* (Circumference ÷ Feeder space) with all measurements in cm.

30% more birds can be accommodated in a hanging feeder when compared to that in linear feeder.

 Shell grit box 

Shell grit box

It is used to provide shell grit to the layer birds as a supplemental source of calcium.

 Automatic feeder 

Automatic feeder

In case of automatic feeder the feed is supplied to the entire length of the poultry house by specially designed feed troughs with auger type or chain type devices to move the feed from the feed bins to the other end.

These are operated with electricity and the height of the feeder can be adjusted depending upon the age of the birds.

ALSO READ  Top 50 Agriculture Business Ideas for Aspiring Entrepreneurs

Heaters or Brooders

It is essential that the temperature of the poultry farm be regulated especially during cold weather. The heater or brooder is an equipment used in regulating and increasing the temperature of the poultry farm. These helps to keep the birds warm when the weather is cold.

Charcoal stove / kerosene stove

Charcoal stove kerosene stove

These are used in places where electricity is not available or costly and where power failure is quite common.

These stoves are covered with plates or pans to sustain the heat in the brooding area.

 Gas brooder

Gas brooder

Natural gas, LPG or methane is connected to heating element which is hanged 3 to 5 feet above the chick to provide heat. It is attached with canopy type reflectors to reflect the heat towards the chicks.

 

 Infra-red bulbs

Infra-red bulbs

It is a self reflecting bulb and hence no need of reflector over the bulbs.

150 and 250 watt bulbs are available to provide sufficient heat to 150 and 250 chicks, respectively.  

 

Reflectors/ Hovers 

Reflector Hovers

These reflectors are called Hovers.

These are reflectors of heat and light.

These hovers are flat provided with heating element, heating mechanism and pilot lamp and in some cases thermometer are also there in order to record the temperature.

Generally, they are mounted with stands on all four corners, instead of hanging from the roof.

 

Uses of Other Poultry Farm Equipment

Incubator

This is an instrument used in hatching eggs. Egg hatchery with an incubator can be described as a means of hatching of eggs in an unnatural way. These means can be employed when there are many eggs to be hatched.

Chick box

The chick box is an equipment where the poultry birds are kept for egg laying. It has a roll away egg tray attached to it so that when eggs are laid, they roll away and the birds will not trample on the eggs. This particular equipment helps in preventing egg damage.

Fly Tray

Fly trap is an equipment used in controlling the number of flies around a poultry farm. It helps to poultry farmer reduce the number of flies in the poultry.

Poultry Plucker Rubber Finger

This is an equipment applied to chicken dressing machine. These rubber fingers are fixed to the bottom and side plate of the of the dressing machine in order to produce many dressed chicken in a short period.

Egg Tray

This is an equipment used in setting the eggs. Just like the name, it is a tray-like equipment where the eggs are place for sampling.

ALSO READ  Assisting Farmers with their Market (Maize)

Poultry Incubator Controller

Poultry incubator controller is an equipment used for controlling the incubator and timer counter. It displays the temperature and humidity condition of the incubator.

Ventilation Fan

The ventilation fan is an equipment used for ensuring maximum ventilation in the poultry farm. It is also an equipment used in reducing the temperature of the poultry farm during a hot weather.

Laying Nest

Laying nest is another equipment that help the birds for laying of eggs. One of the advantages of this equipment is that it increases the egg productivity of the poultry birds.

Egg Scale

This is an equipment used in weighing the weight of the eggs. It helps the poultry farmer know the eggs that are fertile enough for hatchery because it is assumed that an underweight egg does not have what it takes to form a chick.

Egg Washer

Egg washer is an equipment that makes use of a powder called the egg washing powder. Water is added into the egg washer and then the egg washing powder is added also. It is used for washing the eggs before delivery.

Water Pots and Drinkers

Neat water is required for growth and digestion in poultry birds just like in humans. Therefore, the drinkers are equipment used for supplying water to the birds. You must ensure that the drinkers are washed regularly to avoid disease.

Cages and Coops

This poultry equipment is used for keeping poultry birds. Coops and cages are poultry equipment suitable for small scale poultry farming.

Dressing Machine

This is an equipment used for feathering birds after slaughter. The use of a dressing machine makes chicken dressing easier, clean and hygienic.

Lastly, the use of protective clothing for humans is very necessary. Special protective clothing like hair caps, disposable sleeves, boots and coverall are required to avoid transfer or contamination from the birds to man or from man to the birds. Also, it is important to ensure that visitor disinfect their hands before touching the birds.

Incoming search terms:

list of poultry equipment

chicken farm equipment

poultry farm equipment

poultry equipments and their uses with pictures

poultry equipments and their uses

poultry equipment and their uses

poultry equipments

chicken farming equipment

Poultry tools

equipment needed for poultry farming

Source: Ecochickspoultry