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African catfish Clarias gariepinus originated from Africa and it is a freshwater fish species. It is very suitable for commercial and small scale farming. African catfish can be cultivated easily in small sized pond, or in a reservoir. They generally live in pond and plunge.

Importance of fish in Human Diets

Fish is a high-protein, low-fat food that provides a range of health benefits. White-fleshed fish, in particular, is lower in fat than any other source of animal protein, and oily fish are high in omega-3 fatty acids or the “good” fats. Since the human body cannot make significant amounts of these essential nutrients, fish consumption becomes an important part of the diet. Also, fish is low in the “bad” fats commonly found in red meat, called omega-6 fatty acids. Regular consumption of fish can reduce the risk of various diseases and disorders.Nutrition Data for Catfish

Fat Content

Catfish is a rich source of omega-3 fatty acids, Omega-3 fatty acids help lower your risk of heart disease mainly by lowering triglycerides and countering inflammation, scientifically, it also helps to lower risk of cancer and arthritis.

High in Protein

Catfish contain low level of carbohydrates, but it is dense with protein. Protein is required for the growth and maintenance of body tissues

Rich in B Vitamins

Catfish is an excellent source of vitamin B-12. Catfish is also rich in the B vitamins, niacin and pantothenic acid. The body uses energy-yielding nutrients such as carbohydrates, fat and protein for fuel (Energy). The B-group vitamins help the body to use that fuel.

Excellent Source of Phosphorus

Catfish contain phosphorus. Phosphorus is a mineral that makes up 1% of a person’s total body weight. It is the second most abundant mineral in the body. It is present in every cell of the body. It plays an important role in how the body uses carbohydrates and fats, It is also needed for the body to make protein for the growth, maintenance, and repair of cells and tissues. Phosphorus also helps the body make ATP, a molecule the body uses to store energy. It works with the B vitamins. It also helps in kidney function, Muscle contractions, Normal heartbeat, Nerve signaling etc. Catfish also contains smaller amounts of potassium, copper, magnesium, iron and zinc.

Minerals

Catfish have high levels of magnesium. Magnesium plays an important role in health, aiding in the regulation of the body’s glucose levels, the synthesis of protein and nucleic acid and the conversion of food to cellular energy. Potassium is vital for maintaining appropriate electrolyte levels, which contribute to nerve impulse transmission, muscle contraction and healthy heart function. Catfish offer trace amounts of magnesium, zinc and iron.

Source: AgroNigeria