Snail farming is very popular mainly for it’s delicious taste. Snail has a huge demand in the market for it’s unique taste and nutritional value. Snails also have a huge global popularity. Snail meat contain a high amount of protein, iron, calcium, magnesium, vitamin A and very low in fat.
Another reason of snail farming business is it’s economic value. Some people consider the snail farming as a good money spinning venture. You can make good earning from snail farming within a very short time.
Steps for Starting Snail Farming
- Suitable Environment for Snail Farming
Generally snails are easily dehydrated. Dryness occurs in snails due to moisture loose in snail. Wind increases the rate of moisture loose in snails. So, select a suitable location for establishing snail farm. For preventing the snails from losing water form their body quickly, you have to place the snail house (snaileries) in wind protected environment. An area with many trees can make perfect environment for snail farming.
2. Suitable Soil for Snail Farm
Soil is the main habitat of
snail. For successful snail farming, the selected land for this business must
have to contain some of the components and chemical substances which are
necessary for surviving the snails. For this reason, all types of soil are not
suitable for commercial snail farming. The shell of the snail is mainly calcium
and they derive most of the calcium from the soil. They drink water from the
soil and also lay eggs on the soil. For successful farming you must have to
select a suitable place with availability of all types of necessary facilities
for the snails. The selected soil must contain all the above elements. But be
very careful. Keep proper balance. Never let the soil to become waterlogged,
too dry and the soil will not be acidic. Always avoid the clayey and acidic
soil. Sandy-loamy soil with low water holding capacity is perfect for snail
3. Buy Some Fresh Snails
After making suitable environment and selecting suitable land for snail farming in Nigeria, it’s time to buy some fresh quality snails from the market or any farm. But some snail farming expert say that, getting some snails directly from the forest instead of purchasing from market make good result in production. Because, the collected snails from forest can easily adopt themselves with the new environment than the farm snails. If you are not able to collect some snails from forest, you can collect some snail from the bush through a very simple technique. During rainy season clear a little portion of land and sprinkle spicy fruits there like banana, pawpaw, plantain or pineapple. Suppose you have done this process at 5 pm in the evening. Then go back there after 2 or 3 hours. Collect all the snails gathered the place. Repeat the process until you get sufficient amount snails for your farm. There is another way of getting some fresh snails. Try to get some snail eggs littered in the market where it is sold. While collecting, check the fertility of the eggs. Because some eggs lost fertility because of the exposure to sunlight. Then put the eggs inside a container containing wet sand and covered with cocoyam leaf. Within 21-28 days those eggs would hatch into baby snails. Start feeding the baby snails. Gradually they will grow up and then you can start snail farming.
4. Snailery (Small Snail House)
Snailery is very essential for
snail farming in Nigeria. A good snailery keeps the snails safe and productive.
In case of breeding in small scale, snaileries can vary from a patch of
fence-protected ground, sheltered from the wind to a covered box. Make a
concrete pen with soil deep of about 10 inches or dug a trench, and cover it
with screen or wire all around to prevent the snails from escaping for larger
and commercial production. Generally snails love to stay on cold and dark
place. But keep the snails free from harmful humidity level. For regulating the
temperature, fresh leaves and cloth that is regularly wet can be used. Prevent
entrance of harmful animals like snakes, rats and some other harmful predators.
Wire is a great solution for keeping those animals away. You also have to
prevent some harmful smaller ones like termites and ants.
Snails generally eat fruits, green leaves etc. Food ensures the proper growth of snails. Provided food help the snails grow their tissues and they also need calcium for growing shells. You can feed your snails some leaves like cassava leaves, cabbage, cocoyam, eggplant leaves, lettuce leaves, okra leaves or pawpaw leaves. Among the fruits you can feed them banana, cucumber, eggplant, mango, oil palm fruits, pears, pawpaw, tomatoes etc.
If everything goes well then your snails will start growing very fast. Separate the big ones from the small ones. Generally, within a year most of the snails reach marketing size. Some snails take more time for growing. However, snail has a good market demand and price. You can easily sell the snails in your local market. Snail meat consuming rate is growing very fast throughout the globe. So, exporting in international market can make more money.