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The cashew tree ( Anacardium occidentale) is a tropical evergreen tree that produces the cashew seed and the cashew apple .

It can grow as high as 14 m (46 ft), but the dwarf cashew, growing up to 6 m (20 ft), has proved more profitable, with earlier maturity and higher Ripe cashew fruit.

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Anacardiaceae
Genus: Anacardium
Species: A. occidentale
Binomial name: Anacardium occidentale


Origin of Cashew.
The species is native to Central America , the Caribbean Islands , and northern South America . Portuguese colonists in Brazil began exporting cashew nuts as early as the 1550s. In 2017, Vietnam , India , and Ivory Coast were the major producers.The cashew seed, often simply called a cashew, is widely consumed. It is eaten on its own, used in recipes, or processed into cashew cheese or cashew butter.

Etymology
Its English name derives from the Portuguese name for the fruit of the cashew tree, caju 
*Cashew production (kernels), 2017(tonnes)
Vietnam 863,060,
India 745,000,
Cote d’Ivoire 711,000,
Philippines 222,541
World 3,971,046
Composition of Nuts; cashew nuts, raw
Serving Size : 
Nutrient Value Water [g] 5.2
Energy [kcal] 553
Protein [g] 18.22
Total lipid (fat) [g] 43.85
Carbohydrate, by difference [g] 30.19
Fiber,total dietary [g] 3.3
Sugars, total [g] 5.91
Calcium, Ca [mg] 37
Iron, Fe [mg] 6.68
Magnesium, Mg [mg] 292
Phosphorus, P [mg] 593
Potassium, K [mg] 660
Sodium, Na [mg] 12
Sources include : USDA

How many cashews can I eat a day?
A healthy daily intake of nuts is 30g (a small handful) or approximately: 20 almonds. 15 cashews. 20 hazelnuts.

The powerful health benefits of cashews include:
A healthy heart , strong nerve and muscle function, and improved bone and oral health. They also provide relief from diabetes ,
anemia , and gallstones . By offering an antioxidant defense, they also encourage a better immune system.Cashew nuts contain proanthocyanidins, a class of flavanols that actually starve tumors and prevent cancer cells from dividing.